In the entire Banat region (and across Romania) we discover astronomical symbols found not only as ancient rock art and earth, stone, and wooden sanctuaries but also as sundials, traditional house decorations, and inside churches.

Of special significance in the region and elsewhere we find the bucranium in association with the sky and the divine. In Banat, over 6,000 years ago, the Neolithic inhabitants of the region built a splendid sanctuary dedicated to the fertility and fecundity cult. The bucranium and the bull symbol were at the core of this sanctuary dated around 4,200 BCE when the constellation of the Bull rose heliacally during the Spring equinox facing the twin statue comprising of a bull-headed figure and a pregnant woman.

This conference is dedicated to the long journey from sign to symbol (written or built) in the context of astronomy in culture around the world.

The twin statue from Parta, Timis county, Romania. The Bull-headed figure and the pregnant women faced the rising of the constellations of the Bull and Gemini over 6,000 years ago during the Spring equinox. The sunset light also penetrated a circular window and touched the back of the Bull.