The historical Banat region spans modern-day Romania, Serbia, and Hungary. We can find numerous examples of how the celestial sky and phenomena impacted its inhabitants. It demonstrates the unity of the skies governing the diversity of the people of the area.

Neolithic sanctuary in Parta

Completely restored at the National Museum of Timisoara. It exhibits possible equinoctial alignments, depictions of eclipses, and shows evidence of what is now called the astronomy of the horizon.

Ancient Neolithic sanctuary near Vršac Serbia

It shows alignments with the winter solstice and evidence of horizon astronomy.

Bronze age fortification of Iarcuri-Cornesti

Largest fortification in Europe covering about 1600 ha. Analysis has shown two solstitial alignments.

Many astronomical ornaments on traditional houses and inside wooden churches

These date from the 18th century till modern times.

Sundials in several towns and villages

Most are found on Catholic churches.

Rock art

While rock art has been discovered in at least 3 locations one is of particular interest as it may have depicted a map of the area and is placed so that the summer solstice sunrise occurs from behind a distant mountain peak.

Sarmizegetusa Regia

Although not located in Banat, it is an important nearby site, being the capital of the Dacian tribes. It contains a possible sundial and exhibits solar/lunar alignments.